There are five types of leather bags currently on the market, namely, cowhide, sheepskin, pigskin, horseskin, and artificial leather (artificial leather). Their characteristics are:
(1) Cowhide: Cowhide is one of the most common materials in leather bags. So the way to identify it is also very simple. First of all, look at the pores. The pores of cowhide are small, round, evenly, and tightly distributed, the leather surface is bright and smooth, the texture is plump and delicate, the appearance is flat and soft, and the texture is firm and elastic when touched by hand. When selecting on the spot, you can squeeze the leather surface hard. If there are small wrinkles, it can be concluded that it is real cowhide.
(2) Sheepskin: Next, let's talk about sheepskin. Compared with cowhide, the pores of sheepskin are more flat and round, and it is very clear that there are often several holes in a group, arranged on a fish scale. Leather products made of sheepskin have a delicate and soft cortex. Although the surface is shiny, it is not as bright as cattle products. If the leather surface is squeezed hard, there will be obvious wrinkles.
(3) Pigskin: The pores on the surface of the pigskin are round and thick, three side by side in a group, arranged in a triangle, each group is far apart, and the leather surface is uneven. Recognizable even when polished. Moreover, the leather surface of pigskin is rougher than that of cattle and sheepskin, and it feels hard and firm. Therefore, it generally cannot be used as a leather material for clothing.
(4) Horse skin: Horse skin and cowhide are more similar. At first glance, the horse hide is somewhat similar to that of a cow, with a smooth and delicate appearance. However, if you look closely, the brightness of the horse hide is not as good as that of the cowhide, the color is dim, the pores are oval, and the leather surface is loose and soft. Compared with sheepskin, horseskin is closer to sheepskin. The thickness of the leather surface and the size of the bristles are quite similar to those of sheepskin. The key to the distinction is that horseskin leather is harder than sheepskin, feels bad, and has uneven luster on the leather surface. Squeeze the leather surface hard, no folds are produced. And there is another point to note, the horse skin is easy to break after being used for a long time.
(5) Artificial leather: also known as artificial leather. Because the imitation leather products currently made of polyurethane non-woven synthetic leather are close to the left leather products in appearance, they can even reach the level of "real". This requires more careful identification and selection. Generally speaking, imitation leather is processed by applying chemical raw materials to fabrics. The appearance and feel of imitation cowhide are similar to cowhide; the appearance and feel of imitation sheepskin are like sheepskin, and the leather surface is shiny. However, there are no pores on the leather surface, and the bottom plate is not animal skin. Squeeze hard, the leather surface will not wrinkle. It can still be distinguished from animal skin, but there is also artificial leather with a microporous film. In this case, it can still be distinguished depending on the base material on the reverse side. And recently, there is a kind of product mixed with various kinds of leather and artificial leather on the market, which makes it difficult for a novice to distinguish, so we must pay more attention to it.